To Jehovah`s witnesses.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GREAT MYSTERY OF THE GOD`S CHURCH.
"This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church..." -
apostle Paul wrote about the mystery of the God`s church - Eph.5:32.
Meaning the members of Christian congregation, Paul explained to them: "we
are members of his body (Christ), of his flesh and of his bones..." -
Eph.5:30-33. The context shows that mystery of Biblical expression "church -
is a body” has something in common with the mystery of Biblical
expression "wife – is husband`s body”: “This is (wife) now bone of my bones
and flesh of my flesh, because she was taken out of man" - Gen.2:23.
It is presently known that, speaking to the members of Christian
congregation, Paul spoke to the anointed sovereigns - "to the sainted
partakers of the heavenly calling and faithful to Jesus Christ" -
Eph.1:1, Hebr.3:1(a word the “anointed sovereign" is not used in the New
Testament, but means a Christian, having a chrism from Jehovah -1John
2:20,27) Consequently, the anointed sovereigns are vivid "wife" of Christ
in sense - His faithful helper - the same as wife of Adam in the
Biblical understanding of word "wife" – had to become a faithful helper to
her husband and to correspond him in everything - Gen.2:20-23, Rev.19:7,8.
Their accordance to each other (absence of disagreements) is
expressed vividly: a wife-helper is like taken from the flesh and bones of
her husband-head, therefore she corresponds to him in everything. ( It is
not necessary to apply the expressions: "members of Christ`s body" and
"wife" in relation to the anointed sovereigns literally, because in other
texts of the Scriptures they and future co-believers are called "brethren",
"friends", "children" and "mother" to Christ. - Hebr.2:12,13, John13:33,15:15,
Mat.12:50. It is obviously, that on human concepts Christians cannot be both
a wife and children simultaneously, both brothers and mother to Jesus.
Giving the co-believers family "roles", he only exposed the different verges
of close relations in the "family" of Jehovah).
Because in the 1st century A.D. Jehovah did not open yet
the other, except for the anointed sovereigns, group of the future "earthly
people", there is a question: whether the people of Jehovah with the
earthly hope are the "members of Christ`s body" ? The Scriptures do not
report about it directly, however they report that to have “a communion” of
the body of Christ – that is to become the part of His body - is very
important for every Christian, because "Except you eat the flesh of the Son
of man, and drink his blood, you have no life in you..." – 1Cor.10:16,17,
John 6:53,54. The people of Jehovah with the earthly hope wish to inherit
the eternal life, therefore they must understand the "structure" of Christ`s
body and find their place in it. (more detailed about what means to get
the "communion" of the Christ`s body - see the article "Should the great
crowd take over characters?")
In order to answer this question, it is necessary to expose the
mystery of God`s church - his vivid body - taking into account that the
Christians of the times of apostle Paul knew not very much about the Reign
of Jehovah – Acts 1:6-8. However presently – in the last days of this
system of things - it is expected that many wise people will study the
Scriptures and “knowledge shall be increased"- Dan.12:4,9,10.
Probing through the Scriptures the answers to the followings
questions, the reader of this article will be able to find out, weather the
modern people of Jehovah with the earthly hope are the "members of Christ`s
What does the Biblical expression "church" mean?
What does the Biblical expression "the saints" mean?
What does the Biblical expression "church of first-borns" mean?
What does the Biblical expression "sheep of not this fold” mean?
What place in Christ`s body is meant for "other sheep"?
Answer to the 1st question:
What does the Biblical expression "church" mean?
A) What does it mean?
The sense of the expression "Christ`s church" is identical with the
modern expression "congregation of veritable Christians", which can be
found in the modern translations of the Bible. Jesus Christ explained,
that "if two or three men are gathered together in my name, there am I in
the midst of them” – that is such group of believers can be considered a
little congregation of Christ, which he supports - Mat.18:20
The Scriptures report also, that "church" is sometimes
called the "body of Christ", "house of God" and a "flock" -
Eph.1:22,23, 1Tim.3:15, John 10:16.
property it is?
The Scriptures teach that a "church" is the property of Jehovah which He
"purchased" for the intentions of the New Testament with Christ`s blood –
Similar "purchase" of people in the property of Jehovah had already
taken place in the history of humanity of the times of the Old Testament,
when with the blood of Easter lamb Jehovah showed all the Israel people out
of Egyptian slavery, dissociating them from other people in His property:
"And you shall be holy unto me: for I the Lord holy, and have severed you
from other people, that you should be mine" - Lev.20:2,22,26,
Ex.12:6,30,31,51. The ancient situation of "purchase" of Israel by Jehovah
for Himself shows that, first of all, He counted on all the "first-born"
Israelites who would have died, if the lamb had not been "paid" for them -
Numbers 3: 13. Other people had to become in the future the "producer" of
first-borns for Jehovah, therefore He means all the Israel people, when He
says: " I have severed you from other people, that you should be mine".
If to find out, whom exactly Jehovah "purchased" for Himself in the
New Testament, or - whom Jesus Christ "paid" for – it will become clear also
the composition of church (congregations) - people of Jehovah of the New
first group, "washed" by Christ`s blood – are spiritual first-borns,
who were "produced" by spiritual Israel of the New Testament. From them -
first 144000 persons, "running" in a race to Jehovah, will become in the
future the habitants of skies and kings over the citizens of the Earth –
Phil 3:20, Rev. 20:4 ,14:1,4.
2) The second group, "washed" by Christ`s blood, is the future "great
crowd" of the inhabitants of Jehovah`s Earth – the other "runners"
to Jehovah, who are to run 1000 years more under the leadership of the first
"winners" of the world of Satan - Rev.7:14, 21:3, Hebr.12:40.
Both these groups are "bought" for Jehovah with a high price,
therefore they are recommended be not "the servants of men" – 1Cor.7:23.
Because Jesus is trusted to manage the congregation of Jehovah`s
people, for whom He paid His life, one can say, that congregation of
veritable Christians is like His property -"church", which He cleansed a
"with the washing of water, by the word”, that he might present it
to himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any other
thing" - Eph.5:25-27
Thus, Jehovah teaches through the Scriptures, that "Jesus gave himself
a ransom for all", that is both the anointed sovereigns and His people with
the earthly hope - are the members of His church (congregations) – 1Tim.2:6.
Presently "church" of Jehovah and Christ (also Christ`s body, a house of
God and flock of Jehovah) - is the multinational numerous group of
baptized veritable Christians, dedicated to Jehovah, incorporated together
with the word of God – the Bible - and collected in general congregation of
veritable worship to Jehovah all over the Earth.
C) What does it exist for?
The Scriptures teach that in the New Testament the people of Jehovah,
collected together, first of all, do the basic commission of Christ for this
system of things - explain all the people the truth of Jehovah -
Mat.28:19,20. Promoting the distribution of sermon, the congregation of
veritable Christians with different characters and preferences encourages
also all its members to learn to love each other the same as Jehovah and
Christ love every member of congregation. About it Paul said the following:
Jehovah gave different spiritual gifts to the different members of
congregation for "maturing" and creation of general body of Christ until all
the members "grow" up to the age of Christ – a perfect man (that is, to the
state of holiness and purity). All the members of congregation through
veritable love "grow" up to the internal essence of Christ from whom the
whole body fitly joint together and compacted by that which every joint
supplies, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part,
makes increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love"- Eph.4:
God is love, therefore love is the basic "connecting fabric" of the
whole congregation - Col.3:14 (Strong). If anybody does not learn to love
the visible members of the congregation, invited by Jehovah, he will not be
able to love the invisible Jehovah -1John 4:20. And if on the historical
stage of this system of things a great value for Christians has the
distribution of knowledge about the truth of Jehovah for the system of
things of Jehovah, only that Christian is suitable who loves
Jehovah and every person chosen by Him, as it is written: "knowledge will
vanish away, and love will remain", " And they shall teach no more every man
his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, know the Lord: for they
shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them" –
Thus, the sermon and "becoming" in love - are two indivisible "signs"
of a grown up Christian, who is similar to Christ. They cannot "live"
separately - without each other. There is no Christ who loves without a
sermon and preaches without love. One can meet the similar phenomenon only
among "babies" whom the congregation gives a chance to "grow" up and "to
know the perfect love of Christ” -Phil.1:14-17, Eph. 3:19.
Answer to the 2nd question:
What does the Biblical expression "the saints" mean?
A) What did it mean in the Old Testament?
In the Old Testament it was addressed to Jehovah, clean and unblemished with
a sin, living in the distance from the unrighteous - Prov.15:19. A word
"saint" was meant fort denotation of people, selected by Jehovah, who would
be considered "saint" in case if they submit the voice of the Ruler and
learn to reflect His holiness in their way of life in a maximally possible
for an imperfect man degree, as it is written: "Now therefore, if you will
obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar
treasure unto my above all people" - Ex.19:5,6. The way the saint and the
impure go – is also called "the way of holiness" - Is.35:8.
The saint people possess the great pre-eminence – Jehovah allows them
to live next to Him and takes them under His guardianship, as it is written:
"And I will set my tabernacle among you: and my soul shall not abhor you.
And I will walk among you, and will be your God and you shall be my people”
- Lev.26:11,12, 2Cor.6:16-18. It is obviously, that saint Jehovah will wish
to socialize only with those of the people, who will not be disgusting for
People of Jehovah of the Old Testament in a mass had no possibility to
dwell near the earthly dwelling of Jehovah and to be "saint": "Holy of
Holies", in which Jehovah like "settled" through His holy spirit, was
located in the temple - in the tabernacle - and was "covered" behind the
curtain, where the access was strictly forbidden to all the people and kings
of Israel - Numb16:40, 18:22, 2Chron.26:16,18. In the Old Testament only
anointed priests were included into the category of "saints" of Jehovah ,
because they were "sanctified" by Jehovah: dissociated from the general
habitat of all the Israelites, placed on His "territory", washed from the
dirt of sin by the blood of sacrificial animals through the mediator of the
Old Testament - Moses, oiled with sacred miro and "had spirit of saint" for
correct vital orientation, distinguishing "good" and "evil" in the eyes of
Jehovah, being His announcers - Deut.18:1,2, Ex.29:21, 30:30-32, Mal.2:7.
To the announcers of Jehovah - the "saint" God`s prophets - belonged
also those of Israelites, who distinguished "good" and "evil", whom Jehovah
"gave" His saint spirit, induced to write down His words in the Scriptures
and to announce them to all, who needed them – 2 Peter 1:21, Jer.25:4.
Note: the word “anointed" in the Old Testament. meant
electing by Jehovah for some of His aims, but not always meant
"saint". For example, the Persian king Kier was anointed by Jehovah,
however he was never saint and did not live on the "territory" of Jehovah
- Is.45:1-4. King Saul also was anointed, however he also was not "saint"
-1Kings 10:1. Joseph lived in the days, when there was not "Holy of Holies"
yet, however he had the saint spirit of Jehovah, distinguished "good"
and "evil" in the eyes of Jehovah and socialized closely with Him,
like a "saint" prophet - Gen.39:21,41:16,38.
B) What does it mean in the New Testament?
The saints are the anointed persons, participating in the race for the
celestial rank - Hebr.3:1,1Cor.9:24-25 They are those, about whom Daniel
wrote: "And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under
the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the most
High" - Dan.7:27.
Because in the New Testament Jehovah stopped living in the earthly
hand-made temples and is in the veritable temple - on skies, so in order to
live next to Him and to have the honor to be called saint righteous men, it
is necessary to get permission of Jehovah to "settle" on His celestial
territory - Acts.17:24, Psal.10:4. The entrance into the celestial temple
was opened for all the people of Jehovah in the New Testament, not before.
And exactly at that moment when the curtain in the temple was torn, as it is
written: "Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by
the blood of Jesus. By a new and living way, which he has consecrated for
us, through the veil, that is to say his flesh." - Hebr.10:19,20, Mat.27:51.
Since a sinful human flesh, preventing from access to the saint Jehovah, got
a chance to "become saint" - just in the eyes of Jehovah - and to get into
His celestial temple due to the Christ`s blood paid for it – 2Cor.5:21. To
all, who since then makes efforts to imitate Christ and «continued with him
in his temptations» - was given a chance in the future to «sit on the
thrones in the government of Christ and to judge tellurians for 1000years» -
That is why - admission into a celestial government began only since
the moment of payment of veritable redemption, when the possibility appeared
for an imperfect man to "add" oneself till the state of "justness" from
perfection of Christ. Blood of sacrificial animals of the Old Testament was
unable to help his servants to get to Jehovah onto skies as saint righteous
men - Hebr. 10:1-6. Therefore all the faithful servants of the Old Testament
who suffered "from trial of cruel mocking and scourging, yes, moreover of
bonds and imprisonment", are not considered in the Scriptures as future
celestial co-rulers of Christ, but they are future tellurians of Jehovah`s
land, guided by "new skies" - Hebr.11:13-16, 36-40. None of them got the
possibility to follow Christ in this system of things, suffer for the
witness of Christ and distribution of God`s word, what is a necessary
condition for the celestial participants of the first resurrection –
Rev.20:4, Mat.28:19,20. However sacrifice of Christ spreads also on the
habitants of the Old Testament, due to which they will be resurrected in the
flesh on the Earth. Job, for example, was absolutely sure of it: «For I
know, that my redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon
the earth. And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh
shall I see God whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and
not another» - Job.19:25-27. Abraham and all his descendants were also
promised “the land flowing with milk and honey” – Gen.17:7,8 , Ex.3:8. And
there are no reasons to consider that Jehovah will not keep His promise to
Abraham, that his spiritual descendants - righteous men – will inherit the
Earth and live on it forever – Psal.36:29, Gal3:7
From the moment of payment of redemption and its acceptance by
Jehovah, as Jesus explained, all, who will make deliberate efforts and will
work "for the prize of high calling of God in Jesus Christ" - will become
co-rulers of Christ on the skies – will have a chance and hope not only to
participate in the receipt of celestial rank but also to get it - Mat.11:12,
According to the Scriptures, Jehovah foresaw that among His new
"Israelites" of the New Testament there will necessarily be those
Christians, who, like Paul, will learn to imitate Christ in everything and
will become very similar to Him – 1Cor.4:16. Each of them He will "call" to
take part in the receipt of celestial rank. To each of them He will "add"
till the "saint" (just) state from redemption of Christ. And to each of them
in order to confirm the sealing - He will “give the earnest of the spirit in
their heart” -2Cor.1:22. The most worthy from them - the first "winners of
race" - Jehovah will collect on the skies with Jesus Christ - will
"glorify". This chain of chrism and becoming "saints" is described by Paul
in such way: "For whom He did foreknow, he also did predestinate. Whom he
did predestinate, them he also called; and whom he called, them he also
justified (made just through blood of Christ); and whom he justified,
them he also glorified”( defined them to be on skies)" - Rom.8:28-30.
The chance - to propose their candidatures for a celestial government
got all the participants of the New Testament, however not all of the
proposed candidatures will "suit" for the decision of governmental tasks.
Therefore, although Paul advised everybody to take part in this "race", he
warned that not all will get a reward. It was necessary to run hard in order
to get it – 1Cor.9:24. Paul himself "hurried" very hard: "five times I
received forty stripes save one. Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I
stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck in weariness and painfulness…in hunger
and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness, caring of all
churches" – 2Cor.22-28. But in spite of it, he did not consider himself
"worthy" of this rank and wrote: "brethren, I count not myself to have
apprehended; but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are
behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before. I press
toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus" -
Phil.3: 8-14. Only after many years of service, when life of Paul was
approaching its end, he was able to say “I have fought a good fight, I have
finished my course, I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for
me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give
me at that day" -2Tim.4:7,8
Thus, nobody of the anointed sovereigns, participating in the "race"
on the skies, can demand from Jehovah "to accept" him into the celestial
government and to have any claims to Him, "because who has first given to
him and it shall be recompensed unto him again?"- Rom.11:35. Electing
depends not on an interested person and not on that one who aspires (runs),
but on Jehovah - Rom.9:16. Certainly, those who do not aspire at all - have
no chances to become the co-rulers of Christ.
Jehovah planned to collect in the complement of celestial government
only 144000 helpers to Christ. It is obviously, He will not need more of
them for implementation of governmental tasks. As soon as, shortly before
Armageddon, He will be determined with the complete amount of the best
participants of "race", worthy to be the judges of the Earth, process of
"chrism" and his confirmation by the saint spirit - will "be sealed", that
is it will be over - Rev. 7:3. To all, who will not get into the staff of
the "first winners" for a celestial government, will be given not less
wonderful possibility - to "hurry" to perfection for 1000 years more and to
become in the future "saint" inhabitants of Jehovah`s Earth at the end of
1000 year management of Christ, to live next to Jehovah in the paradise and
to socialize with Him, as Adam and Eva used to do. - Rev.21:3,4. Nobody,
succeeding in the business of Lord, will remain unnoticed by Jehovah –
1Cor.15:58. (More detailed about 144000 and "great crowd" - see the
article "144000 and "great crowd" – will they be on the skies?")
C) How did the anointed sovereigns of the 1 century differ from
In the days of apostles, when there was not the New Testament in the written
form yet and all the Bible was not written yet, all people, who was
correctly located to the eternal life, reacted correctly on the sermon of
apostles and "regenerated" from a verbal God`s word - "were filled with joy
and with the Holy Ghost", that is they got the supernatural understanding
about calling by Jehovah through His sainted spirit - Acts.13:48,52, 5:32,
1Cor.4:15. The sainted spirit helped them very quickly to get skills,
necessary to them for distribution of the truth of Jehovah in that volume
which Jehovah opened at that moment - Acts.1:7,8. To those Christians, who
had to finish writing the Bible - mainly to the apostles, - the saint
spirit helped to remember everything, what they were taught by Jesus,
therefore they did not need to study the truth of Jehovah from someone else
additionally, and also – they did not distort it at writing - John.14:26,
15:26,27, 1 John.2:20,27, 2Cor.2:17, 4:2.
Since the writing of the Bible had been over, and since the death of
the last apostles - the saint spirit of Jehovah stopped to be passed through
a miracle, there was not any necessity in it any longer - (see also the
book "Witnesses of Jehovah – the announcers of God`s kingdom",
p.705). The Bible - the word of God – became for all following
Christians life-making sainted spirit of Jehovah, which influences a "dead"
from sins man and makes him "come back” to life and become deserving
veritable Christian, as it is written: “It is the spirit that quickens, the
flesh profits nothing, the words that I speak onto you, they are spirit, and
they are life”; "For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and shaper than
any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and
spirit", that is it helps to distinguish "physical" (desire to please the
flesh) from "spiritual" (desire to please Jehovah) -
John.6:63, Hebr.4:12,13. It is also told about the sainted spirit, that the
"spirit (Scriptures) testify to Jesus, and spirit is truth", and "truth is a
word of God" – 1Johní.5:6, John.17:17. When it is reported in the Bible: "as
the Holy Ghost says…" – it means - "as Jehovah says through the Bible" -
Hebr.3:7. Also, when it is reported in the publications of Society, that
"elders are appointed by the Holy spirit", it means that those elders meet
the requirements of Jehovah, which His word - the Bible, - has for an elder
Thus, since the last book of the Bible – “Revelation” - had been
written - all the tellurians of the times of the New Testament got the
saint spirit from Jehovah in form of the Scriptures. It is
written under the influence of Jehovah, therefore it fully reflects His
sainted spirit and mind. And if the first Christians were taught rightness
by the Holy spirit, received through a miracle, all the following Christians
with the help of the Bible - John.16:13, 2Tim.3:16. And if the truth was
opened to the first Christians by means of miracle of sainted spirit, to all
the following - through careful research of the Scriptures, which Jehovah
helps to understand - Dan.12:4, 2Peter 1:19-21. Each person, “led by the
spirit of god” – the saint word of Jehovah, but not by his own
understanding, is in fact His son, but not son of this world - Rom.8:14. One
should not, certainly, forget also about the influence of the Holy spirit of
God, which is present in the world as God`s operating force, encouraging the
humanity to search for God, to study His wisdom and follow Christ, changing
one`s mind and life in accordance with the Biblical studies – Eph.1:19,20,
So, the Scriptures from the times of the New Testament invites on
behalf of Jehovah all the researchers to participate in acquisition of
celestial rank of "the saints" and to open the truth of Jehovah, as it is
written: "they who do hunger and thirst after righteousness (the truth of
Jehovah) – will be filled" with it - Mat.5:6. Because Jehovah knows, who of
His people doest "hunger and thirst" and for what, He finds and elects with
a chrism, according to the favor of heart and way of life those, whom He
considers to be suitable for the future celestial government. Having chosen
the next anointed "person", Jehovah "informs" him about the electing through
the Scriptures, opening to him the understanding of the texts, confirming
this chrism, for example the following: "For you have not received the
spirit of bondage again to fear; but you have received the spirit of
adoption… The spirit itself bears witness with our spirit, that we are the
children of God" - Rom.8:15,16.
Until Jehovah collects the necessary for Him amount of "the saints",
every zealous Christian, studying the Scriptures, has the chance to form in
himself the sainted spiritual qualities and once, if there will be the will
of Jehovah on that, to "begat" of His "incorruptible seed" – God`s word
- in the son of Jehovah – anointed person – James 1:18, 1Peter 1:23. The
sons, "born" of Jehovah`s saint seed, can not consciously betray the
principles of their celestial Father and sin – 1John 3:9.
Anointed sovereigns understand themselves in some way, that
they are elected by Jehovah for the chrism with the sainted spirit –
2Cor.1:21. However, there are certainly no devices and methods of
verification, whether every person, who considers himself the anointed
sovereign, got the pledge of adoption from Jehovah - Gal.4:6,
2Cor.1:22, except for the presence mature spiritual qualities in them,
which cannot be unnoticed, and - correct understanding of the Scriptures
- Gal.5:22,23, 1John 2:20,27.
The presence of the sainted spirit of truth in the anointed sovereigns
and the aspiration to follow it in everything makes them capable to
interpret the Scriptures correctly and to be for all Jehovah`s people a
"slave", distributing the spiritual food of Jehovah in the time appointed by
Him - Mat.24:25, John.14:16,17, 1 John 2:20,27.
However not all, who have the sainted spirit", change under its
influence. According to the words of Paul, sometimes the spirituality of
some anointed sovereigns is dissipated on the matters of flesh and weakens
their ability to understand the depths of the God`s word, as it is written:
" The things of God knows no man, but the spirit of God… But the natural man
receives not the things of the spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto
him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. But
he that is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is judged of no man.
For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct Him? But we
have the mind of Christ"- 1Cor.2: 9-16.
In the context of Paul`s speech in 1Cor.3:1-3, - the word "natural
man" can mean the anointed Christian (in the 1 century the sainted spirit
was poured out on all, who repented, baptized and became the member of
Christian congregation – Acts 2:38), who dissipated his spirituality on
the matters of flesh and became a spiritual "baby" - again a natural man. If
spiritual knowledge, got from Jehovah, are not used in deeds, the anointed
sovereign, having the spirit, cannot "rise" spiritually both in deeds and in
acceptance of "strong meat" - Hebr.5:11-14.
D) Why are "the saints" also called "strangers and pilgrims"?
1Peter 1:1, 2:11 - because the anointed sovereigns are not involved very
deeply and thoroughly in the matters of this system of things and earthly
pleasures. They aim “to attend upon the Lord without distraction" –
1Cor.7:35. Their purpose is the way of Christ, which induces them to go to
Jehovah every second of their earthly time - in the meaning to become
nearer and nearer to Him on the essence, and for the sake of this purpose
the anointed sovereigns are not carried away with anything extraneous: they
do not build themselves good dwellings with which it would be very difficult
to part, do not take part in entertainments and pleasures which could
detain them on the way etc. They go without luggage, like travelers and stop
only for the night and dinner.
The faithful servants of the Old Testament also felt themselves
"strangers and pilgrims" – that is temporal habitants of this system of
things, expecting the veritable "city" - the system of things of Jehovah -
His city with the celestial government - Hebr.11:13-16.
Answer to the 3rd question:
What does the Biblical expression "church of first-borns" mean?
According to the Scriptures, a "church of first-borns" is a group of
the anointed sovereigns, included by Jehovah in the first 144000 winners of
race to the skies as co-rulers of Christ -Hebr.12:22,23, Rev.14:4. At the
moment of description of the "church of first-borns", this group did not
exist yet in the amount of 144000, but it is reported about it like about
the existing one, because Jehovah, "who calls those things which be not as
though they were", was absolutely sure "before the foundation of the world"
that it will be completed - Rom.4:17, Eph.1:4.
The "producers" of the "first-borns" of the New Testament became
all the people of the Earth, wishing to serve Jehovah - vivid 12 tribes
of spiritual Israel. From each of such vivid "tribe" since the time of
Christ 12000 “worthy” first-borns have been chosen - Rev.7:4-8. The others –
do not "suit" for the function of judges of 1000 year management. For them
Jehovah foresaw the other destiny: they will continue to "rise" to the rank
of "sainted" under the supervision of "first-borns" – first of those, who
purchased this honored rank from Jehovah with their way of life -
Note: like the first-borns of ancient people of
Jehovah were made by the environment of people of Jehovah so the
first-borns of the New Testament cannot appear outside the environment of
Jehovah `s people - from the environment of people, who do not know
and do not honor Him. The honor to "carry" and to write down the God`s word
in the Scriptures was given to Israelites, as it is written: "Unto them were
committed the oracles of God" - Rom.3:2. To the person who is not Israelite
- a heathen – it would be difficult to understand the essence of sacred
words of God, which are shown in the prototypes of the Old Testament, the
essence of Biblical quotations from the Old Testament, made by Christ and
the apostles, and to explain this essence to the others. It is so certainly
not because he is more foolish. But because, being outside the environment
of Jehovah `s people and not having the understanding of the essence
of the Precepts with Jehovah, it would be impossible to anyone to
understand His project and the sense of sacred texts. For example, how could
a heathen know that, speaking about "oxen", Jehovah told about the
future preachers of His word? – 1Cor.9:9,10. Or, how could a heathen
understand that the structure of the Old Testament –is only the "shadow" of
the structure of the future system of things of Jehovah? - Hebr.10:1.
However none of the people can know, whether the environment of
Jehovah `s people existed always, or whether sometimes Jehovah
chose separate persons in order to open some verges of Biblical truth
through them. Nobody can know also, whether Jehovah opened the
Biblical truth in the days of "spiritual hunger", when the Scriptures were
not open yet - \Amos.8:11-12. Nobody knows also, whether W.Tindal or
M.Lyuter belonged to the environment of Jehovah `s people, whether
they were anointed, however their research contribution to the Biblical
openings and firmness with which they stood the tests for God`s Word - are
impossible not to estimate.
It is obviously, that every member of the group of "first-borns"
during their lifetime in the physical mortal body through his own
efforts, through the spirit of Jehovah and Christ`s additional "payment"
attained the age of Christ, "learnt to know the love of Christ which passes
knowledge, that you might be filled with all the fullness of God" and showed
it in deeds - Eph.3:18,19, Phil.1:8,9. If it was not so and they did not
reflect the holiness of Jehovah, He would not be able to acknowledge His
children in them and would not include them in the category of being
"without fault", although imperfect Christians - Rev. 14:5 ("purity"(absence
of fault) is more than "perfection": (perfect Adam became vicious).
Every anointed sovereign Jehovah judges in accordance with the deeds he
accomplished in his lifetime in a mortal body in the present system of
things – 2Cor.5:10 ( unlike future "great crowd" of earthly servants,
who will be judged on the basis of their actions of the period of 1000year
management - Rev.20:11-13) Because it is expected from the anointed
sovereigns, that they will become faithful helpers to Christ, Paul calls all
potential "holy servants"- "Christ`s" -1Cor.3:23.
Going back to the name of the article, we will define, what place the
"church of first-borns" has in the "church" of Jehovah, in the "body" of
Christ, in the "house" of God and in the "flock" of Jehovah.
A) in the church of Jehovah - congregation of veritable
All the congregation of people of Jehovah of the Old Testament was divided
by Him into two groups - "first-borns" and other people. The function of
"first-borns" of the Old Testament was executed by the tribe of Levi
according to the order of Jehovah, and all the other tribes of Israel and
new-comers belonged to other people – Numb 8:14-18, 15:15,16. "Oiled
priests" of the Old Testament were a small group as compared to other people
- 22000 people, and the number of other people was 603550 - Numbers
2:32,3:39. "Oiled priests" of the Old Testament had a function to "guard"
the order among all the congregation of old days - Mal. 2:4-7.
All the congregation of Jehovah `s people of the New Testament is also
divided into two groups: "first-borns" and other people. The first-borns -
"oiled priests" of the New Testament had the function of "keepers of order"
and "having the rule" - Acts 20:28, Hebr.13:17. The "first-borns" of the New
Testament are also a small group as compared to other people of Jehovah.
They are only 144000.
B) In the body of Christ :
About the anointed sovereigns Paul wrote : "we are members of his body
(Christ), of his flesh and of his bones" - Eph.5:30. Like the wife of Adam,
taken of Adam`s "flesh and bones", had to become vividly the "member of
Adam`s body", corresponding and helping him in everything, - so the anointed
sovereigns must become the vivid wife of Christ, corresponding and helping
him in everything -Rev.19:7, Eph.3:28-31, Gen.2:20,23.
If vividly to imagine all the congregation as a human body, so Christ
is a head, heart and blood (cerebral, organizational center and source of
life). The anointed sovereigns can be in this comparison, for example, blood
vessels, piercing all the body and helping to the head, heart and blood - to
Christ. ( Comparison is very approximate, on the human reasoning)
C) In the house of God:
The house of God in the Old Testament consisted of the building of temple
(tabernacle and temple), surrounded with the internal and external courts.
Oiled priests of the Old Testament worshiped to Jehovah in the
temple and internal court, where the copper altar was situated-
Jez.44:16,17. The external court was meant for other Israel people and off
cut new-comers (strangers)- Jez.44:19.
The spiritual house of God of the New Testament, "built" for example
of literal one, also consists of vivid sanctuary (temple), internal court
with the spiritual altar, and the external court - Rev.11:1,2. Oiled
priests of the New Testament also worship to Jehovah inside the
temple and its internal court, that is, they have such "close"
relations with Jehovah, that the spirit of Jehovah like "settled in them"
and they live directly on His spiritual territory – 1Cor.6:19. The external
court of the spiritual temple is also meant for other people of Jehovah with
the earthly hope - WT 01.05.02, p.30; 15.11.00, p.13.
D) In the flock of Jehovah:
In the Old Testament Jehovah compared all the people, collected together in
clean worship, with the flock of the sheep. All His flock Jehovah de bene
esse subdivided into two "gravimetric categories": fat cattle, above all
things grazing on the field of Jehovah, and lean cattle, using what is left
by fat cattle - Jez.34:17,20 (in these texts it is recommended to pay
attention not to negative, but to the structure of Jehovah`s fold).
The context of the chapter 34 of the book Ezekiel shows, that the
general "flock" is guided by "leaders" - fat cattle or shepherds of sheep.
Because "leaders" were chosen from a flock, Jehovah distinguished them on
"weight" in society. As compared to a general flock, the group of "leaders"
was a small flock. They were supposed, certainly, to graze on the field of
Jehovah, but they had to pasture also other sheep, not "trodding" it down -
not distorting - Jez.34:2,18.
About His future new "flock" of the New Testament Jehovah said: "I
will set up one shepherd over them (Jesus)" - Jez.34:23. However according
to the project of the Creator, Christ will need some helpers -
"co-shepherds" -"leaders", who are also a "small flock" as compared to
general one – Luke 12:32, John 10:11. The members of the "small flock" had
to be chosen from a general flock as first-borns, hardier and stronger
"lambs" - spiritual first-borns - anointed. They distinguish the voice of
their shepherd from the voice of a strange shepherd and yield to no
persuasions of "sheep-like wolves" - false prophets - John 10:4,5, Mat.7:15.
They are collected into the special sheep court in which a "door" - a mean
of entrance - is Jesus Christ in that sense, that "leaders" of the flock go
only the God`s way - John 10:1,7,9. If "the leaders" do not go the way of
Christ, but "get over the fence"- they are false leaders. The anointed
sovereigns can "determine" the false leaders of the flock like Jesus
determined during His first advent the false "leaders" of Jehovah `s flock
in their religious leaders - members of the Supreme court of Jehovah.
If vividly to carry the "chart" of sheep courts on the courts of God`s
house, a "small flock" occupies the internal court, and the
selected "leaders" are the anointed sovereigns. Thus, a "small flock" means
sheep of the "internal" court. Understanding of location of a "small flock"
will help to understand the location of "other sheep" of not this, that is -
not internal - court and to answer the next question.
Answer to the 4th question:
What does the Biblical expression "sheep of not this court” mean?
"… and other sheep I have which are not of this fold. And THEM ALSO I MUST
BRING, AND THEY WILL HEAR MY VOICE, AND THERE WILL BE ONE FOLD AND ONE
SHEPHERD" - so Jesus said about the pining up of two different folds - in
one whole - John 10:16.
Some researchers of the Bible suppose that under "other sheep" Jesus
meant future heathens who had to join the "court of Israelites" (reformers).
There are however, at least, two Biblical proofs, that it is not so. We will
1) In veritable worship to Jehovah either the "court of heathens" or
the "court of Israelites" did not exist, but there were two different courts
- internal - for the anointed priests - and external - for
other people, having the earthly destiny, including new-comers - WT
01.02.98. p.21, frame, Jez.44:17,19 (although Ezekiel was shown the
vision of the restored temple, it is obviously, that the restored temple had
to correspond exactly that one, which was destroyed by the Babylonians).
Internal and external courts for worship to Jehovah were foreseen by Him
from the very beginning - at the construction of the tabernacle -
2) The words of Jesus warn that He is to unite two certain parts into
one whole and to lead it. Paul explains, what exactly Jesus will unite:
“that in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together
in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on
earth" - Eph.1:9,10. It is possible, certainly, to suppose that in this text
it goes about angels and people. However, Paul explains further, that
Jehovah through Christ`s blood reconciled with Himself “things in earth and
things in heaven” - all that, which was united by Christ - Kol.1:20 (NW
translation, Ogijenko). Because the angels of Jehovah do not need expiation
by Christ, it is obviously, that under reconciliation of Jehovah "things in
earth and things in heaven" one should understand those, who need expiation:
they are future habitants of skies, and future tellurians of Jehovah.
Thus, it is obviously, that Jesus will unite "other sheep" of not this
- not internal, but external court and "sheep of small flock" of internal
court - into one general flock of Jehovah under one head -Christ. It means
that both future tellurians and future habitants of skies – co-rulers of
Christ - all will be in submission for Jesus-King.
"Other sheep" are also Christ`s, and will resurrect to life in the
parousia of Christ in their turn: after the first resurrection of the
anointed sovereigns – 1Cor.15:22,23, Rev.20:5,13.
Answer to the 5th question:
What place in Christ`s body is meant for "other sheep"?
We will consider consistently the location of "other sheep" with the earthly
hope in the church, in Christ`s body, in the house of God and in the flock
A) In the church: servants of Jehovah with the earthly hope are
presently the full-fledged members of international congregation of
veritable Christians. They also get possibility to become the "sainted"
children of Jehovah since the moment of their calling through the sainted
spirit of Jehovah - the Bible, through conscious efforts on the changing of
their personality and the help of Jehovah - Eph.4:22-24, 2Tim.2:25,26,
3:16,17. We remind, that until Jehovah is determined finally with the
membership of the "saints" for skies and stop their selection, a chance to
become future just and merciful celestial judges is given to every
Christian. According to "Revelation", the selection of the saints will be
"sealed" (stopped) in the history of humanity shortly before Armageddon - in
the period between opening of 6th and 7th seals - Rev.7:3-8.
B) In the body of Christ: Again we will imagine a human body,
in which Jesus is a head, heart and blood, the anointed sovereigns are the
circulatory system. Other members of a body are "other sheep". The perfect
and sainted "body of Christ" - the complete collection of perfect and
sainted servants of Jehovah – will be fully formed only at the end of 1000
year management, when there will be no more death for any living sensible
creature of Jehovah - Rev.21:4. And if the anointed sovereigns, being the
"members of Christ`s body" - are like his "wife", so "great crowd" – are
like their "children" who will be "born" - will appear in the 1000 year
management - as a result of their "marriage" - joint rule. "Children" of
Christ are also part of "his body, of his flesh and of his bones". Therefore
many servants of Jehovah with the earthly hope, as potential future
"sainted" tellurians, are the members of Christ`s body presently.
C) In the house of God: In the spiritual house of God
"other sheep" worship to Jehovah in the external court. The external
court began to be "built" up to the internal one during some period of
"last days", when to the operating anointed sovereigns all the people of
Earth" began to "flow down” - Mik.4:1. According to "Revelation", shortly
before Armageddon, when the last from 144000 "saints" will begin to prophesy
on the territory of spiritual Jerusalem (leaders of Jehovah `s
people), by that moment in the external court some amount of admirers of
Jehovah will have already been gathered - Rev.11:1-8. It is known that
admirers of the external court - "other sheep" - began to appear in clean
worship approximately in 1935, when Jehovah opened the presence of
servants of the external court with the "earthly destiny". By the moment
of "day of Lord" from "Revelation" (later, than in 1935) - in veritable
congregations some lawlessness will take place about which Jesus will "send"
messages to 7 churches. In the period of sounding of the 6th
trumpet - the external court will have already will been "given" to the
heathens, consequently, the process of becoming heathens falls out on the
period between messages to 7 congregations, opening of 7 seals - period of
the specified understanding of the Scriptures - and sounding of the first 5
trumpets - Rev.8, 9:13, 11:2 ( see the chart of the graph of time in the
article: Revelation. The new version)
D) In the flock of Jehovah: "other sheep" are members of
the general flock of Jehovah, who submit the "leaders" of the flock -
sainted anointed sovereigns – both in the present and in the future, when
they attain the system of things of Jehovah.
Resume: "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none
other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved" - Peter
explained the essence of the name of Jesus Christ –Acts 4:12. The essence of
the "name of Christ" is in the fact that not a single tellurian himself,
living "outside of Christ`s body", has the chance to "free" from
slavery of sin and death, because he remains "without his additional
payment" - without sacrifice of Christ. Reconciliation with Jehovah -
grantor of veritable life - depends only on that, as far every imperfect
Christian aims to "join" the perfect body of Christ due to which Jehovah can
"present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight" -
Thus, considering the answers to the questions through the word of
Jehovah, the reader of this article will be able not only to define his
personal place in a "Christ`s body" - the church (congregation) of veritable
Christians - but also aim to be deeply "rooted" in it, becoming its